Effective correction of a true behavioral problem is a three-fold process:
- Determine first, if it is really a behavioral problem
- If not, find and correct the real causes of the undesirable behavior
- In the rare cases of a true behavioral problem, find and use a correct means of discipline or retraining.
We'll explore each of those steps more fully with a few common undesirable behaviors. Rather than trying to "reinvent the wheel" I'll directs you to behavior-specific articles, when indicated.
Litter Box Avoidance
The classic example is a cat who suddenly starts urinating outside the litter box. You'll need to eliminate the possible causes, starting with the most urgent, which could be a urinary tract infection or blockage. See these articles for full details:
- He Peed WHERE?
- Outside the Box: How to Prevent Problems
- Outside the Box: How to Solve Problems
- FLUTD (Feline Urinary Tract Disorder)
- Review of Cat Attract Training Litter
What NOT to Do
Never, ever rub a cat's nose in his pee or feces. He has no idea why he is being punished for performing a natural body function, and it teaches him nothing, except perhaps that you are a big bully with nasty manners. For the same reason "spanking" is an ineffective discipline for the above or any other violation.
Cats are born to scratch. It provides a means of "sharpening their claws," which is really the process of removing the grown-out sheath that covers them, and it offers the kind of stretching, pulling exercise that helps build strong muscles, tendons, and joints. (Think isotonic excercise.) A cat who scratches furniture needs a scratching post. If he already has one, he needs another one or two, of different sizes, textures (carpet, wood, or sisal) and configurations (tall, flat, or inclined). For more help with scratching problems, see these resources:
- How to Manage Your Cat's Claws
- Scratch THIS, Pussycat!
- Declawing and Humane Alternatives
- More Declawing Resources
- How to Trim Your Cat's Claws
- Soft Claws Nail Caps for Cats
- Top Picks Scratching Posts
What NOT to Do
Obviously, do not declaw because of property damage. If you have read the articles linked above, you'll know there are many other humane alternatives.
Fighting or Bullying Other Cats
Cats sharing a household will often "play fight." It's a way of honing their skills, and is usually harmless fun. However, if one participant is clearly "out of his league," real damage is being done, or one cat seems to be stalking and bullying another, you need to hone your own investigative skills. It could be something as simple as a strange cat lurking outside a window. Read this article for more causes and cures to in-fighting among housemates.
What to Do
First, clap your hands and shout "No!" to get their attention. Next, if possible, remove the cat on the short end of the fight to another location. If the bully seems intent on bloodletting, try throwing a large stuffed toy near him to help him redirect his aggression. If all those attempts fail, use the scruffing technique.
What NOT to Do
Never try to physically separate two cats bent on doing damage to one another. You can be seriously scratched or bitten. Instead, practice some of the techniques given in the above-referenced article.
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