I often get e-mails from folks describing various symptoms their cats are displaying and asking if I have any idea of the causes. Although I may often have ideas or opinions, my answer is always the same: "Even if I were a veterinarian, I would not attempt to diagnose your pet without a thorough personal examination. Your kitty needs to be seen by a veterinarian, without delay."
Because of the frequency of these questions by email, in comments on my cats site, and in the About.com Cats forum, I've devised three simple rules to follow when a cat appears to be sick or injured:
The First Rule is "Know Your Cat"
I can't stress too much the importance of knowing your cat thoroughly. Through daily observation, and through your petting sessions (during which you'll learn the normal "feel" of your cat's body), learn all about your cat's normal physical condition. By learning the "normal," you'll be able to spot more easily when your cat is "out of whack." Observe the following routines of your cat:
- His Eating Habits
Does he wolf his food in one sitting, or does he "graze" all day? A sudden lack of appetite should be cause for concern, particularly when combined with other symptoms.
- His Elimination Habits
Become familiar with the size, color, consistency, and odor of your cat's feces. Note the color and amount of his normal urine output, and how often he urinates normally. Diarrhea, constipation, or straining to urinate are all red flags that your cat needs to bee seen by your veterinarian.
- His Normal Gait
A cat normally walks with a purposeful stride, in measured paces. Changes in a cat's walking style can signify an injury or arthritis, and a veterinarian can help.
Is your cat always ready for play? Is he normally energetic, e.g., running instead of walking from one place to another. Cats normally become less active as they age, but even a senior cat should play when presented with an interactive toy. Sudden changes in your cat's activity level can signal an injury, lethargy, or depression, all of which are symptoms that should take you to the vet.
- Grooming Habits
Cats are normally fastidious creatures, and will spend a large part of their waking hours grooming themselves. Failure to groom regularly, resulting in a greasy, matted, unkempt coat, can be caused by arthritis or depression, among other causes, and is a signal the cat needs help. On the other side of the coin, a cat that suddenly starts grooming one particular area excessively, may suffer a skin irritation, caused by fleas, mites, or the grooming itself, and should be seen by a veterinarian.
- His Sociability
Although cats have a reputation for independence, most cats are very sociable with the other occupants of their home, both human and four-legged. A previously social cat who suddenly starts huddling in a corner has problems, either physical or emotional, and needs professional help.
- Behavioral Changes
The classic example is a cat that suddenly starts urinating outside the litter box. Provided the box is clean, and there are no recent environmental changes (new cat, new baby, change of residence), inappropriate urination is often a symptom of a lower urinary tract blockage or infection, both very serious conditions. He should be seen by a professional, without delay.
Next >The Second Rule